- Pesach Sheni in the Torah
- Pesach Sheni just after the Resurrection of the Messiah
Pesach Sheni in the Torah:
וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה בְמִדְבַּר־סִינַי בַּשָּׁנָה הַשֵּׁנִית לְצֵאתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם בַּחֹדֶשׁ הָרִאשֹׁון לֵאמֹֽר׃ וְיַעֲשׂוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־הַפָּסַח בְּמֹועֲדֹֽו׃ בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָֽׂר־יֹום בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה בֵּין הָֽעֲרְבַּיִם תַּעֲשׂוּ אֹתֹו בְּמֹועֲדֹו כְּכָל־חֻקֹּתָיו וּכְכָל־מִשְׁפָּטָיו תַּעֲשׂוּ אֹתֹֽו׃ וַיְדַבֵּר מֹשֶׁה אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לַעֲשֹׂת הַפָּֽסַח׃ וַיַּעֲשׂוּ אֶת־הַפֶּסַח בָּרִאשֹׁון בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יֹום לַחֹדֶשׁ בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם בְּמִדְבַּר סִינָי כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה אֶת־מֹשֶׁה כֵּן עָשׂוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃
Thus Adonai spoke to Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying, “Now, let the sons of Israel observe the Passover at its appointed time. On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight (lit. between the two evenings), you shall observe it at its appointed time; you shall observe it according to all its statutes and according to all its ordinances.” So Moses spoke to the sons of Israel to observe the Passover. They observed the Passover in the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, at twilight (between the two evenings), in the wilderness of Sinai; according to all that Adonai had commanded Moses, so the sons of Israel did.
וַיְהִי אֲנָשִׁים אֲשֶׁר הָיוּ טְמֵאִים לְנֶפֶשׁ אָדָם וְלֹא־יָכְלוּ לַעֲשֹׂת־הַפֶּסַח בַּיֹּום הַהוּא וַֽיִּקְרְבוּ לִפְנֵי מֹשֶׁה וְלִפְנֵי אַהֲרֹן בַּיֹּום הַהֽוּא׃ וַיֹּאמְרוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים הָהֵמָּה אֵלָיו אֲנַחְנוּ טְמֵאִים לְנֶפֶשׁ אָדָם לָמָּה נִגָּרַע לְבִלְתִּי הַקְרִב אֶת־קָרְבַּן יְהוָה בְּמֹעֲדֹו בְּתֹוךְ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵֽל׃ וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם מֹשֶׁה עִמְדוּ וְאֶשְׁמְעָה מַה־יְצַוֶּה יְהוָה לָכֶֽם׃ פ
But there were some men who were unclean because of the dead person (lit. soul of man), so that they could not observe Passover on that day; so they came before Moses and Aaron on that day. Those men said to him, “Though we are unclean because of the dead person (soul of man), why are we restrained from presenting the offering of Adonai at its appointed time among the sons of Israel?” Moses therefore said to them, “ Wait (literally Stand), and I will listen to what Adonai will command concerning you.”
וַיְדַבֵּר יְהוָה אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹֽר׃ דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר אִישׁ אִישׁ כִּי־יִהְיֶֽה־טָמֵא לָנֶפֶשׁ אֹו בְדֶרֶךְ רְחֹקָה לָכֶם אֹו לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם וְעָשָׂה פֶסַח לַיהוָֽה׃ בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יֹום בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם יַעֲשׂוּ אֹתֹו עַל־מַצֹּות וּמְרֹרִים יֹאכְלֻֽהוּ׃ לֹֽא־יַשְׁאִירוּ מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּקֶר וְעֶצֶם לֹא יִשְׁבְּרוּ־בֹו כְּכָל־חֻקַּת הַפֶּסַח יַעֲשׂוּ אֹתֹֽו׃
Then Adonai spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘If any one of you or of your generations becomes unclean because of a dead person (lit. soul), or is on a distant journey, he may, however, observe the Passover to Adonai. In the second month on the fourteenth day at twilight, they shall observe it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. They shall leave none of it until morning, nor break a bone of it; according to all the statute of the Passover they shall observe it.
Pesach Sheni just after the Resurrection of the Messiah:
Pesach Sheni (the Second Passover) occurs in the month of Iyar; which is the second month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year.
What is the messianic meaning of Peach Sheni (פסח שני), the Torah’s “second Pesach,” for those who fail to bring the Pesach Korban on its “designated” time? The Torah’s idea of teshuvah (return to Adonai Elohim) is not just about correcting or undoing a past error (“Father forgive for they ‘know not’ what they do”). Teshuvah is about our transforming the past. It is about working everything to good. It is about transforming the end-result so that the transgression (our leaven of pride) is nullified and replaced. This must be done that the sin (our pride) is replaced with the righteousness of Abba Avinu (the humility of Messiah); so that it shall forever be as if our sin never existed at all.
Pesach Sheni just after the death and resurrection of Messiah:
After Messiah’s death (14 Nisan) a number of His followers quickly prepared His body for burial. Those Jews (men and women) who touched His dead body were prohibited from observing the First Passover (15 Nisan). However, under the provision of Numbers chapter 9 they were able to observe the Second Passover (Pesach Sheni) exactly one month later on Iyar 14.
The exceeding joyfulness of this particular observance of Pesach Sheni was that the Messiah had resurrected from the dead several days previous to Iyar 14, on Yom HaBikkurim—-the Day of Firstfruits (Nisan 16).
This means the great irony here is that the Jewish observers of Pesach Sheni that year (Hebrew Year 3790), who had been involved in previously preparing the Messiah’s body for burial, were now on this Second Passover actually most joyfully celebrating the “completion” of their redemption and the Messiah’s resurrection from the dead!
[More will be posted here NEXT YEAR on this highly prophetic observance of Pesach Sheni—-to be continued SPRING 2018.]