Messiah in Rosh HaShanah II & Chanukkah II Chapter 12

EPISODE FIVE. At the end of the day Messiah’s talmidin propose to send the crowd away to find food and lodging elsewhere but the Messiah says no the crowd does not need to go away and orders the Twelve to feed them.

  1. At the End of the Day
  2. Jewish Calendar Nisan 3789-Nisan 3790
  3. A House of Prayer for all peoples

At the End of the Day:

At this juncture the disciples of the Messiah have returned from their mission to tell their fellow Yehudim (Jews) about the good news of the Kingdom of Adonai being at hand. The disciples (talmidim) have also just informed the Messiah that the prophet Yochanan Ben Zechariah Ben Aaron was executed by beheading. Thereafter, the Salvation of Adonai (Yeshua) orders the Twelve to a secluded place on a mountainside near the city of Bethsaida (meaning, House of the Fisherman; also House of the Hunter).

A great crowd of Yehudim (Jews) followed the Messiah and found Him.

Because of the miracles that He has performed many of the people are convinced that Rabbi Yeshua is the Messiah. However, most of the people in the crowd are just fans of the great Teacher, therefore, only a minority of the crowd have actually left everything and have become His 24/7 disciples.

Messiah sees the crowd and although He would like to have some time to rest, out of His compassion for the people He begins to teach them about the Kingdom of Adonai. Like Moses before Him the Messiah delivers His teaching on the Kingdom of Adonai from a mountainside.

At the end of the day there were thousands of hungry and tired people present.

Most of the people in the crowd are exhausted. They had to expend a great deal of their energy just getting from one side of the Lake of Galilee, from where the Messiah was previously, to where He is now. The disciples want to send the people away. Logically, the disciples see no other practical alternative but for the people to find their own lodging and feed themselves. Then the Messiah does what He oftentimes did. He confounds His disciples with a very impractical, irrational, unnatural request.

Incredibly, the Messiah ordered His disciples to feed the entire crowd of thousands of people.

How were the disciples supposed to feed thousands of hungry people? As already discussed the time of this special event was in the spring-time. At this time the Messiah was thirty-two years of age. He would become thirty-three years old in just six more months in the fall, on the first day of Sukkot (Tishri 15). At this point two and one-half years have transpired since the Messiah first began His ministry.

Just one year and a week later from this time the Messiah Ben Yosef fulfilled His redemptive mission here on earth.

On Pesach, Nisan 14/15  He sacrificed His life to secure permanent forgiveness and cleansing for our sins. Three days after His atoning death, on Yom HaBikkurim (Nisan, 16/17), the body of the Messiah was triumphantly raised from the dead as a sign of the promise of the resurrection for all who believe. Then after another forty days, on the fortieth day of Counting the Omer (Iyyar 25/26), the Messiah ascended into heaven. There the resurrected, ascended Ha-Mashiach remains to this day until His second coming when He will return as the glorified Messiah Ben David (the Conquering Messiah). Then will the Messiah finally establish the Kingdom of Adonai here on earth, in a fully restored nation of Israel (and an International Commonwealth of Israel).

Jewish Calendar Nisan 3789-Nisan 3790 (29-30 CE):

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Jewish Calendar Nisan 3789-Nisan 3790 (29-30 CE)

Date

Events

Mattai

Markos

Lukas

Yochanan

1.

Nisan 1 3789

Yochanan Ben Zechariah is beheaded.


6:1

2.

Nisan 1-8 (CE 29)

5,000 men fed; Messiah walks on the sea.

14:13-33

6:30-53

9:10-17

6:1-71

3.

Debates Prushim; talks to Gentile woman.

15:1-28

7:1-30

4.

Visit to Decapolis; miracles; 4,000 men fed.

15:29-39

7:32-8:9

5.


Warns of leaven of Prushim; blind healed.

16:5-12

8:14-26

6.


Peter’s confession and rebuke.

16:13-28

8:27-38

9:18-27


7.


Transfiguration; epileptic boy.

17:1-21

9:1-29

9:28-43

8.

Tishri15-22,3790

Observance of Sukkot and Shemini Atzeret.


7:1-10:21

9.


Activities in Capernaum.

17:24-18:35

9:33-50

9:46-50

10.

70 sent out; Messiah visits Mary & Martha.

10:1-17:19

11.

Kislev 25-Tevet 2

Observance of Chanukkah in Jerusalem.

10:22-39

12.

Tevet-Adar (CE 30)

Lazarus raised from dead; Messiah rests.



11:1-54

13.

Nisan 1-7

Final sojourn to Jerusalem.

19:1-20:34

10:1-52

17:11-19:27


14.

Nisan 7

Messiah arrives in Bethany




12:1

15.

Nisan 8

Anointed by Mary; spends night at Bethany.

26:6-13

14:3-9

12:2-8

16.

People come to see Messiah and Lazarus,

12:9-11

17.

Entry into Jerusalem

21:1-11

11:1-10

19:28-44

12:12-19

18.

Nisan 9

At Bethany; visits Jerusalem; curses fig tree.

21:18-22

11:12-14


19.


Messiah weeps over the city of Jerusalem.


19:41-44


20.

Nisan 10

*Messiah’s Second Cleansing of the Temple.

21:12-16

11:15-18

19:45-48


21

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*The Messiah drives out all who are buying and selling in the Temple area that is reserved for use by the Gentiles. He sees the inappropriate merchandising of the Temple sacrifices. He reacts with righteous indignation. He is angry that the heavenly Father’s “House of Prayer for All Peoples” (ביתי בית-תפלה יקרא לכל-העמים) had become a “Cave of Robbers” (למערת פריצים).

 

22.

Cleansed Temple, healed the blind and lame.

21:14


23.


Messiah teaches in the Temple.

21:15-16

11:18

19:47-48


24.

Nisan 11

Spends night in Bethany.

21:17

11:19

25.

The cursed fig tree is withered.

21:20-22

11:20-26


26.


Question about authority.

21:23-27

11:27-33

20:1-8


27.


Question about paying taxes to Ceasar.

22:15-22

12:13-17

20:20-26


28.


Question about the resurrection.

22:23-33

12:18-27

20:27-40


29.

The Great Commandment.

22:34-40

12:28-34

(10:25-28)


30.

Question about David’s Son.

22:23-33

12:35-37

20:41-44


31.

Messiah denounces the religious leaders.

23:1-36

12:37-40

20:45-47


32.

Messiah’s lament over Jerusalem.

23:37-39

13:34-35


33.

The impoverished widow’s generous offering.

12:41-44

21:1-4

34.


Jewish leaders plot to kill the Messiah just as the Gentiles are seeking Him out.


12:20-36

35.


Olivet prophecies: Signs of the future return of the Messiah.   

24:1-25:46

13:1-37

21:5-36

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A House of Prayer for all peoples:

For zeal for Your house has consumed me, and the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on Me.

Because the Messiah took exception to the merchandising of the sacrificial system, He drove out all who were buying and selling in the Temple area. He declared these persons were making His Father’s “House of Prayer” for all peoples into a “den of robbers.” The phrase for all peoples is a quote from Isaiah (56:7):

“For My house shall be called a House of Prayer for all peoples” (ki veti Beyt-Tefila yikare’ lecho haamim).

The sacred Temple area that was being used as a den of robbers was the Court of the Gentiles. This meant that the corrupt-greedy business practices of the Temple had taken over the area of the Temple that was set aside for outreach to the gentile nations and peoples. This commercial take-over of the Court of the Gentiles meant that there was no place where the gentiles could go to worship Adonai. This offensive behavior was a direct violation of the will of the heavenly Father that His House should be a House of Prayer for all peoples!

The Messiah did not wish to destroy the Temple only to cleanse it.

After Messiah cleansed the Temple area, He healed the blind and the lame. These words and actions were prophetically anticipated in the writings and the prophets of the Tanakh: “For zeal for Your house has consumed me, and the reproaches of those who reproach You have fallen on me” (Psalm 69:9) “These I will bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my House of Prayer; their burnt offerings and their sacrifices will be accepted on my altar; for my house shall be called a House of Prayer for all peoples” (Isaiah 56:7).

“Has this house, which is called by My name, become a den of robbers in your sight? Behold, I, even I, have seen it,” declares Adonai.

“Behold, I am going to send My messenger, and he will clear the way before Me. And the Lord, whom you seek, will suddenly come to His temple; and the Messenger of the Covenant, in whom you delight, behold, He is coming,” says Adonai Tzevaot. “But who can endure the day of His coming? And who can stand when He appears? For He is like a refiner’s fire and like fullers’ soap. He will sit as a smelter and purifier of silver, and He will purify the sons of Levi and refine them like gold and silver, so that they may present to Adonai offerings in righteousness.” (Malachi 3:1-4)

NEXT, THE MESSIAH TESTS HIS DISCIPLES…

Messiah in Rosh HaShanah II and Chanukkah II Chapter 13 >>