- First observance
- The first exodus points to the Greater Exodus in the Messianic Age
- The virtue of the Pesach Lamb is to be completely consumed
- At the place Adonai (the LORD) shall choose
First Observance #1. In the original institution of Pesach the blood of the sacrifice was to be sprinkled with hyssop.
First Observance #2. It was to be sprinkled on the lintel and the two doorposts of the house.
First Observance #3. The whole animal, without breaking a bone of it, was to be roasted and eaten by each family.
First Observance #4. If the number of a family’s members were too small then two neighboring families assembled together.
First Observance #5. The sacrifice was eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.
First Observance #6. This was done to symbolize the bitterness of Israel’s bondage in Egypt and the haste of their deliverance.
The first exodus points to the Greater Exodus in the Messianic Age:
The Exodus Pesach also points forward to the time of messianic reign when the restored Israel will fellowship in the grace of the Pesach Lamb continuously. All who are circumcised are to partake of this meal and to be ready for a very swift departure out of Egypt (the reign of fallen Man) to the Promised Land (the international reign of Messiah from Israel).
The virtue of the Pesach Lamb is to be completely consumed:
Nothing of the holiness, virtue (substance), of the Pesach Lamb is to be wasted. Messiah’s life is to proliferate our lives internally. His holy life is the life of the Ruach Ha-Kodesh (the Spirit of Holiness). Whatever content of the Lamb is not consumed during the evening of the Passover meal is to be burnt before the dawn of sunrise. Messiah’s life is the all-consuming eternal life of the heavenly Father and this life will be received by us in its entirety or not at all.
At the place Adonai (the LORD) shall choose:
אֶת־חַג הַמַּצֹּות תִּשְׁמֹר שִׁבְעַת יָמִים תֹּאכַל מַצֹּות אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִךָ לְמֹועֵד חֹדֶשׁ הָאָבִיב כִּי בְּחֹדֶשׁ הָֽאָבִיב יָצָאתָ מִמִּצְרָֽיִם׃ כָּל־פֶּטֶר רֶחֶם לִי וְכָֽל־מִקְנְךָ תִּזָּכָר פֶּטֶר שֹׁור וָשֶֽׂה׃ וּפֶטֶר חֲמֹור תִּפְדֶּה בְשֶׂה וְאִם־לֹא תִפְדֶּה וַעֲרַפְתֹּו כֹּל בְּכֹור בָּנֶיךָ תִּפְדֶּה וְלֹֽא־יֵרָאוּ פָנַי רֵיקָֽם׃
“You shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread. For seven days you are to eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the appointed time in the month of Abib, for in the month of Abib you came out of Egypt. The first offspring from every womb belongs to Me, and all your male livestock, the first offspring from cattle and sheep. You shall redeem with a lamb the first offspring from a donkey; and if you do not redeem it, then you shall break its neck. You shall redeem all the firstborn of your sons. None shall appear before Me empty-handed.”
וְזָבַחְתָּ פֶּסַח לַ ה’ אֱלֹהֶיךָ צֹאן וּבָקָר בַּמָּקֹום אֲשֶׁר־יִבְחַר ה’ לְשַׁכֵּן שְׁמֹו שָֽׁם׃
“You shall sacrifice the Passover to Adonai Eloheicha from the flock and the herd, in the place where Adonai chooses to establish His name.”
שָׁלֹושׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה יֵרָאֶה כָל־זְכוּרְךָ אֶת־פְּנֵי ה’ אֱלֹהֶיךָ בַּמָּקֹום אֲשֶׁר יִבְחָר בְּחַג הַמַּצֹּות וּבְחַג הַשָּׁבֻעֹות וּבְחַג הַסֻּכֹּות וְלֹא יֵרָאֶה אֶת־פְּנֵי ה’ רֵיקָֽם׃ אִישׁ כְּמַתְּנַת יָדֹו כְּבִרְכַּת ה’ אֱלֹהֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר נָֽתַן־לָֽךְ׃
“Three times in a year all your males shall appear before Adonai Eloheicha in the place which He chooses, at the Feast of Unleavened Bread and at the Feast of Weeks and at the Feast of Booths, and they shall not appear before Adonai empty-handed. Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of Adonai Eloheicha which He has given you.”
These ordinances in regard to the Passover were afterwards modified during the people’s journey in the wilderness to the effect that all males were to appear “in the Place that Adonai shall choose,” and there they were instructed to sacrifice and to eat the lamb or kid, bringing at the same time also another offering with them (1, 2, 3. 4).
וַיְדַבֵּר ה’ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה לֵּאמֹֽר׃ דַּבֵּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר אִישׁ אִישׁ כִּי־יִהְיֶֽה־טָמֵא לָנֶפֶשׁ אֹו בְדֶרֶךְ רְחֹקָה לָכֶם אֹו לְדֹרֹתֵיכֶם וְעָשָׂה פֶסַח לַ ה’׃ בַּחֹדֶשׁ הַשֵּׁנִי בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר יֹום בֵּין הָעַרְבַּיִם יַעֲשׂוּ אֹתֹו עַל־מַצֹּות וּמְרֹרִים יֹאכְלֻֽהוּ׃
Then Adonai spoke to Mosheh, saying, “Speak to the sons of Israel, saying, ‘If any one of you or of your generations becomes unclean because of a dead person, or is on a distant journey, he may, however, observe the Passover to Adonai.’ In the second month on the fourteenth day at twilight, they shall observe it; they shall eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs.” It was also ordered that if any man were unclean at the time of the regular Passover, or “in a journey afar off,” he should celebrate it a month later (Numbers 9:9-11).
This is the besorah (gospel) of the second chance. Although Israel as a nation failed to recognize that Messiah was the Korban Pesach and the Deliverer that Moses foretold—in His first visitation—Israel is still being afforded another opportunity at the present time to believe on the Messiah.