- The Fourth Cup of Restoration
Singing Songs of Praise. The Fourth Cup (Restoration). At this point, having recognized the Almighty and His unique guidance of the Jewish people, we go still further and sing His praises as the Sovereign Ruler of the entire universe. After reciting the Hallel, we again recite the blessing over wine and drink the fourth cup, reclining. The Seder Leader calls out Hallel. After the blessing, some families will lift the extra cup from Elijah’s place at the table and pour koso shel Eliyahu HaNavi, the cup of the Prophet Elijah. A child is then asked to open the door to welcome Elijah to the Seder. This is based on a minhag (custom) from the Rabbinical reading of Malachi which says, “Look, I will send Elijah the prophet before the coming and great day of Adonai.” The well-known song Eliyahu HaNavi is sung at this time: Elijah the Prophet, Elijah the Tishibite, Elijah the Gileadite. Speedily in our days will come to us the Messiah, the son of David.
The Fourth Cup of Restoration:
We now come to the fourth and final cup of wine for the Seder. This cup represents the fourth “I will” statement of Exodus 6:6-7 – “I will acquire you as a nation.” Since Messiah told his disciples that He would not drink the fourth cup but promised to do so with them in the coming Kingdom it is called the Cup of Restoration. For this cup is to only be fully savored after all Israel shall be saved (i.e. restored). We pour the fourth cup of wine and recite portions of the Hallel prayer, praising Adonai for His kindness and grace to us:
1. “O Israel, trust in the LORD! He is their help and their shield! O house of Aaron, trust in the Eternal One! He is their help and their shield! You who fear the Eternal One, trust in the Eternal One! He is their help and their shield!”
Yisrael b’takh ba-Adonai, ‘ezram u’maginam hu! Beit Aharon bitkhu va’Adonai, ‘ezram u’maginam hu! Yirei Adonai bitkhu va’Adonai, ‘ezram u’maginam hu!
2. “Give thanks to HaShem, for he is good; for his steadfast love endures forever!”
*”Hodu la’Adonai ki tov, ki l’olam chasdo.”
3. “I thank you that you have answered me and have become my salvation. The stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone. This is the Eternal One’s doing; it is marvelous in our eyes. This is the day that the Eternal One has made; let us rejoice and be glad in it.”
*”Odekha ki anitani vatehi-li lishuah ‘Even ma’asu habonim haitah l’rosh pinah Mei’et Adonai haitah zot hi niflat b’eineiu Zeh-haiyom ‘asah Adonai nafilah v’nismechah vo.”
We now lift the fourth Cup of Restoration and drink it after reciting the blessing:
4. “Blessed are You, L-rd, our G-d, King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.”
*”Barukh attah Adonai eloheinu melekh ha-olam, borei peri hagfen.”