Restoring the Hearts of the Fathers to the children:
- Father Abraham (Honored Shepherd, Day #1)
- Father Isaac (Honored Shepherd, Day #2)
- Father Jacob (Honored Shepherd, Day #3)
- Father Joseph (Honored Shepherd, Day #4)
- Father Moses (Honored Shepherd, Day #5)
- Father Aaron (Honored Shepherd, Day #6)
- Father David (Honored Shepherdm Day #7)
הִנֵּה אָֽנֹכִי שֹׁלֵחַ לָכֶם אֵת אֵלִיָּה הַנָּבִיא לִפְנֵי בֹּוא יֹום יְהוָה הַגָּדֹול וְהַנֹּורָֽא׃ וְהֵשִׁיב לֵב־אָבֹות עַל־בָּנִים וְלֵב בָּנִים עַל־אֲבֹותָם פֶּן־אָבֹוא וְהִכֵּיתִי אֶת־הָאָרֶץ חֵֽרֶם׃
“Behold I am going to send you Elijah, the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible day of the Lord, And He will restore the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.”
To understand this passage of Scripture we need to define the terms being used here from a Hebraic point of view. “Fathers” here is not a designation for you and I but for the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. Other honored patriarchs are Joseph, Moses, Aaron and David. The latter three personalities are counted among the fathers because they represent the three offices instituted by Adonai for the rule of Israel. These three offices that are instituted by Adonai for the rule of Israel are the offices of Prophet, High Priest and King. All three offices are now jointly held by the Messiah Yeshua.
These Seven Holy Shepherds of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses, Aaron, and David are referred to as the “Ushpizin.” During the seven days of Sukkot each of these Seven Shepherds act as an Honored Guest of the Day. The order begins with father Abraham and is completed on the great last day of the feast with King David. In Malachi 4:5-6 there is a reference to the Torah of the Patriarchs (the “Heart” of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, etc.) captivating our hearts. For we are to love the Torah (teaching) of the Holy One that proceeds out of the patriarchs’ teaching. As just stated previously: During the seven day period of Sukkot (the Festival of Booths) there is an honored patriarchal guest for each day. Our receiving (hearing, understanding and obeying) the unique Torah lessons of each of these honored patriarchs is what is meant by “restoring” the children’s hearts to their fathers.
Father Abraham’s Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #1):
The Heart of father Abraham is one of loving the Righteous Father. Abraham’s doctrine is about our heavenly Father. In Abraham’s life we see that it was our Father in heaven who sent His beloved Son to sacrifice His life for our salvation (Genesis 22). A great deal of Abraham’s Torah (teaching) is devoted to teaching us that we are Justified by Faith in the (perfect) works of the Spirit of the Holy One and not by our own (deficient) works.
Father Isaac’s Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #2):
The Heart of father Isaac is about loving Elohim the Son. Isaac (lit. Laughter) was born into this world as a result of a miraculous conception (Genesis 21:2). Isaac’s Torah illustrates (prophetically) the birth, death and resurrection of the Messiah Yeshua (Genesis 22). Isaac’s life also illustrates the Messiah, the Son of Abraham, Ben Avraham, taking a Gentile bride. This bride (Rebecca) is taken into the tent of Sarah which represents heaven, the “Jerusalem” above.
Insight #1. The Gentile bride in view here is the body of Messiah (composed of a remnant of both Jews and Gentiles), the bride of the Messiah (cf. mystery of the resurrection and translation of the Bride of Messiah on Rosh HaShanah).
Insight #2. Isaac was sacrificed on Mount Moriah (during a prophetic role play) acted out by his father Abraham. Three days after Isaac’s mock death was acted out on Mount Moriah, Isaac returned to his father’s house (Genesis 22; 24:61-65). Later (after an unknown period of time has elapsed), Isaac takes Rebecca into his mother’s tent.
Insight #3. Ultimately Rebecca’s favorite son will be Jacob. One day all the followers of the Messiah Yeshua will favor Jacob. Recently, the Assembly of Messiah has been severely chastened for its mistreatment of Adonai’s elect people, the physical descendents of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.
Insight #4. The Assembly of Messiah will not truly be the Rebecca of the Moshia HaOlam (the Savior of the World) until all its members graciously receive (favorably, graciously) the nation of Israel. Regretfully, this will not happen until the Messiah Yeshua (who Isaac is a type of) returns from Sarah’s Tent with His bride the body of Messiah (who Rebecca is a type of) to finally establish Adonai’s rule on earth and, thereby, fulfill all of His promises to the Hebrew Patriarchs and the Prophets.
Insight #5. Jacob, therefore, in addition to being a prophet, is a type of the Nation of Israel. Rebecca is a type of the body of Messiah. The Assembly of Messiah is composed of both Jews and Gentiles who believe in Adonai through faith in His Messiah Yeshua. This international body of believers represents a very small remnant of humanity (less than ten percent; a little flock).
Insight #6. One day these global ambassadors (representatives from every nationality and ethnic group) will be resurrected or translated and in glorified bodies will ascend into heaven. As the Holy One’s perfected servants they will one day return from Sarah’s Tent (Heaven) to assist the Messiah in leading over ninety per cent of the earth’s populace to a saving faith in Adonai, the Eternal One, during the Messianic Kingdom (Israel and the Commonwealth of Israel).
Insight #7. I believe when the millennial harvest season has been completed over two-thirds of humanity will have been saved. This percentage applies to the total populace of every human being who has ever lived. This means that the final number of elect persons will exactly correspond to the number of the righteous holy angels (two-thirds of the holy angels remained faithful to the rule of Adonai; one-third followed the evil one). The number of those who will not be saved (who will refuse to be delivered from sin unto righteousness) will exactly correspond to the number of the unrighteous angels who rebelled against their Creator.
Father Jacob’s Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #3):
The Heart of father Jacob, who is Protected by Adonai and is the Supplanter of the evil world system, is about loving the Spirit of Holiness. His Torah is about the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit. We observe in Jacob’s life the struggle of growing up as a called out one (believer) from childhood, through adolescence, to maturity. In this developmental process: First, we discover that Adonai is our Father and that “our sins are forgiven for His name’s sake.” Second, we are matured to young adulthood where we become strong in the Word of Adonai and are able to “overcome the evil one.” Third, we mature to spiritual parenthood because we come to “know Him who is from the beginning.” Knowing Him who is from the beginning (the Eternal One) indicates walking in intimate relationship with Adonai the Father, according to the example of His Beloved Son, and by the power of the indwelling Presence of His Spirit of Holiness. The word “to know” here indicates the actual experience of relational closeness to the Holy One. Not intellectual attainment. Spiritual parents (or “Fathers” and “Mothers” as the Scriptures call them) are those people who act as role models to us all and teach us by example how to live a life of loving our Father in heaven and each other. Our spiritual Fathers “know Him who is from the beginning.” They possess reflexive supernatural discernment (of good and evil) and wisdom (mastery of the art of living). Our spiritual Mothers exemplify humility and grace. These elect women teach us by example to “walk” in the truth and love (unity) of the Spirit.
Father Joseph’s Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #4):
The Heart of father Joseph (lit. “Add”) the honored patriarchal guest of the fourth day is the Torah of the Glorified Messiah. The heart of Joseph’s teaching is about the glorification of the Messiah. In the Besorah of the “Grace of Adonai” we read: “But when it was now the midst of The Feast (of Sukkot) Yeshua went up into the Temple and began to teach.” The Messiah timed His appearance at Jerusalem very carefully. He made certain that He did not appear at Jerusalem until the day of Joseph’s Torah (teaching).
Yeshua is both the Messiah Ben Yoseph and the Messiah Ben David. He is the Suffering Messiah like Joseph in Genesis in His first coming and He is destined to be the ruling Messiah, the Son of David in His second coming. Joseph was the “glorified” son who, though righteous, was initially hated by his own brothers because His Father had sent him to testify of their wicked deeds (Genesis 37:2). Yet Joseph, who was enslaved and “declared dead” by his brothers, ultimately overcame his overwhelmingly difficult circumstances, eventually ascending to rulership over the whole world (Egypt) and over his brothers. Incredibly in spite of his brothers’ initial hateful acts toward him, Joseph “forgave his brothers” delivering them from certain slavery and death and in so doing the once hated, rejected brother became at the end (the second coming) Beloved of His brothers (Genesis 37-50).
Joseph’s Torah (Heart) is about glorifying the Messiah Yeshua, Melekh HaGoyim (King of the Nations). Our heavenly Father bears witness to His Beloved Son Yeshua (meaning the “Salvation of Adonai”): “He [Yeshua] who is seeking the glory of the One who sent Him [Adonai], He is true and there is no unrighteousness in Him…the Father who sent Me bears witness of Me.” On the fifth, sixth and seventh days of Sukkot, we honor the Torah (teaching) of Moses, Aaron and David. These three days of teaching refer to the three high offices of the Messiah: Prophet, High Priest, and King.
Father Moses’ Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #5):
The Heart of father Moses: During the Messianic observance of the Feast of Sukkot, the Prophet Moses (Hebrew: the “Drawn Out” One; Egyptian: “Son”) is explicitly referred to. In the fourth and final Besorah of the “Grace of Adonai” in the Brit Chadashah the Messiah rebukes His fellow Hebrew brothers for not spiritually understanding the spiritual meaning of Moses’ teachings regarding circumcision, observance of the Sabbath, making righteous judgments, and doing righteous works:
הֲלֹא משֶׁה נָתַן לָכֶם אֶת־הַתּוֹרָה וְאֵין־אִישׁ מִכֶּם עֹשֶׂה הַתּוֹרָה מַדּוּעַ תְּבַקְשׁוּ לְהָרְגֵנִי׃ וַיַּעַן הָעָם וַַיֹּאמַר שֵׁד בָּךְ מִי מְבַקֵּשׁ לְהָרְגֶךָ׃ וַיַּעַן יֵשׁוּעַ וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם מַעֲשֶׂה אֶחָד עָשִׂיתִי וְכֻלְּכֶם עָלָיו תִּתְמָהוּ׃ משֶׁה נָתַן לָכֶם הַמִּילָה אַךְ לֹא מִמּשֶׁה הִיא כִּי אִם־מִן־הָאָבוֹת וּבְיוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת תָּמוּלוּ כָל־זָכָר׃ וְעַתָּה אִם־תִּמּוֹל עָרְלַת אָדָם בַּשַּׁבָּת לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר לֹא־תוּפַר תּוֹרַת משֶׁה מַה־תִּקְצְפוּ עָלַי כִּי רִפֵּאתִי הָאִישׁ כֻּלּוֹ בַּשַּׁבָּת׃ אַל־תִּשְׁפְּטוּ לְמַרְאֵה עָיִן כִּי אִם־מִשְׁפַּט־צֶדֶק שְׁפֹטוּ׃
“Did not Mosheh give you the Torah? Yet none of you carry out the Torah. Why are you seeking to kill Me?” The people (the crowd who were observing the verbal conflict between Rabbi Yeshua and the priestly and rabbinic leaders) answered and said, “There is a demon in you! Who is seeking to kill You?” Yeshua answered and said to them, “I have done one deed, and all of you are amazed by it. Mosheh gave you circumcision, although it does not come from Mosheh but the fathers, and even on Shabbat every male is to be circumcised (Brit milah). Now if you will circumcise a person’s foreskin on Shabbat so that the Torah of Mosheh is not violated, why do you get angry at Me for healing the entire man on Shabbat? Do not judge by the appearance of the eye, but judge with a correct righteous judgment” (מִשְׁפַּט־צֶדֶק-mishpat tzedek).
Messiah accused His opposing brothers of adhering to Adonai’s commandments in an oppressive, legalistic way for reasons of personal pride and self-promotion and not for the purpose of sincerely serving our Father in heaven. Messiah, the Holy One (Kedosh) of Adonai accused the religious leaders of His day of committing the same sins as did Joseph’s brothers in the book of Genesis (Bereshit).
Father Aaron’s Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #6):
The Heart of father Aaron: Aaron’s name (lit. the Light-bringer) is not explicitly mentioned in the Messianic Sukkot narrative. However, Ha-Mashiach Yeshua did address several priestly issues when He taught us about the outpouring of Living Torah and His Halakha of the Spirit. In His discourse on the works of the Holy Spirit the True and Righteous Witness (Ed HaEmet v’haTzedek) taught us that due to His redemptive ministry on earth (in His first coming) the Spirit of Holiness would be poured out on Hebrew Israel and eventually upon the entire Gentile World: “On the last and greatest day of the Feast, the Salvation of Adonai (Yeshua) stood and said in a loud voice, ‘If anyone is thirsty, let him come to me and drink. Whoever believes in Me, as the Scripture has said, streams of living water will flow from within him.’ By this He meant the Spirit whom those who believed in Him were later to receive.”
Father David’s Heart (Honored Shepherd, Day #7):
The Heart of father David (the Beloved One; whose name means love that is boiling over) is taught to us by the Rabbi Yeshua Ben David on the seventh day of His Sukkot Teaching. The seventh day is the day of celebrating the Torah of the King. This “last and greatest day of the Feast” is a symbol of the culmination of all human history that happily ends with the near edenic rule of the Messiah Ben David over all of the nations and peoples of the world (cf. our document “Messiah in Rosh HaShanah II & Chanukkah II“). The religious leaders of the first century were aware that the Messiah had to be a direct descendent of King David and must be born in Bethlehem. They knew both requirements were true of the Messiah Yeshua. In the Temple was a record of every Jew’s ancestry. The religious leaders who opposed our Lord most definitely could have used this genealogical record against Him if He were not a true descendant of King David (the ‘Beloved’ One). These high ranking leaders without a doubt also knew that Rabbi Yeshua’s birthplace was Bethlehem (the ‘House of Bread’). Some would have even known about the special events that surrounded the Messiah’s birth:
Event #1. The census by Caesar Augustus, Joseph’s and Mary’s travel to Bethlehem;
Event #2. The angels’ appearances and announcement of His birth to the priest Zechariah, the Messiah’s mother Mary, and the shepherds;
Event #3. The testimony of the wise men from the East;
Event #4. King Herod’s failed attempt at murdering the Messiah as an infant;
Event #5. Shim’on (meaning Hear) and Anna (meaning Grace) gave forth their testimony about Yeshua (the Salvation of Adonai) at the Temple 33 days from the day of His circumcision that occurred on the eighth day of Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah (Rejoicing in Torah) that immediately follows Sukkot.
The corrupt, elite religious leaders of Rabbi Yeshua’s day knew the truth that Yeshua was by birth the direct descendent and actual heir to King David. Yet, they attempted to oppose the rightful king at every turn. Like King Saul, the religious leaders persecuted the Greater Son of David, even seeking to kill the promised King of Glory. In fact the Messiah Yeshua was killed at the hands of Roman rulers. Not His own people. However, like Joseph in Genesis, the Messiah Ben Joseph was betrayed by His own envious brothers (the elite religious rulers over Israel). Fortunately for Israel and the entire World the Messiah Ben Elohim HaAdam Ha-acharon (the last Adam) possesses power even over death.